Return to a burning sex question at the OscarsPeople | 6 Feb 2020
It is an accusation leveled at the Oscars all too often over the years, and 2020 is no different: too many men, not enough women, particularly in the most prestigious categories.
The hashtag #OscarsSoMale reared up again following the Academy Award nominations announced last month, with much of the focus on the absence of Greta Gerwig in the best director category.
Her acclaimed film adaptation of Little Women was shortlisted for best picture, but Gerwig's name was missing from the best director category. Controversially, that was limited to five men.
"It's quite remarkable after everything that has happened over the last few years that the academy refuses to acknowledge women in multiple categories," Tema Staig, executive director of the advocacy group Women in Media, said.
"It's outrageous, and it affects our ability to tell our stories and also to move up in the industry."
Some social media users and industry professionals have even called for a boycott of Oscars night on Sunday over the issue.
While that may be a minority position there is little arguing with criticism of the Oscars' longer-term track record.
It wasn't until 2010 that a woman won best director - Kathryn Bigelow for The Hurt Locker. No female directors have won since, and only five have ever been nominated over the course of more than 90 Oscars ceremonies.
Ironically, the last woman nominated in the category was Gerwig herself, for 2017's Lady Bird.
That nomination has been held up as proof by some that her absence this year is no deliberate exclusion but simply a result of extremely strong competition in an award season featuring the likes of Joker, 1917, Once Upon a Time in Hollywood, The Irishman and South Korea's Parasite.
Sasha Stone, founder of the Awards Daily website that has tracked film prizes for 20 years, described the supposed snub as "fake news."
Stone wrote: "The misconception that Gerwig was passed over in favor of lesser male counterparts is patently untrue."
Since the Oscars were first held in 1929 the academy has faced an uphill battle to break with misogynistic habits - both within the organization and across the broader movie business.
"Of course, systemic gender bias in the film industry exists, without a doubt," Stone said.
While few women "in the past were ever trusted to helm prestige films," the directors' branch of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences has itself "always been a boys' club," she added.
"For decades, its members were the men nominated for Oscars and the men who won them."
Melissa Silverstein, founder of the Women and Hollywood website and director of the Athena Film Festival, said: "It's disturbing but not surprising that women directors still don't get the respect and awards that male directors do. The system and the culture are the problems."
The academy has boosted efforts to address this, increasing its membership dramatically after criticism of under-representation of women and minorities.
Since 2016, it has expanded the number of Oscar voters - currently around 8,500 - by 35 percent.
Lorenza Munoz, the academy's head of member relations and awards, said: "We went through our membership roster and said, 'Who have we not included? Who needs to be here?
"And there was a very long list of people. Our members have really dug in and taken it very seriously."
The organization is still 68 percent male and 84 percent white, but for the first time in history women made up half of the new recruits added last year.
And at last month's Oscar nominations announcement an academy press release noted prominently that a "record 64 women were nominated, one-third of this year's nominees."
This statistic includes Gerwig's own two nominations - best adapted screenplay for Little Women and best picture as she is one of the film's producers.
And more broadly, several of the most eagerly awaited films of 2020 will be directed and/or produced by women, such as Wonder Woman 1984, Mulan and Black Widow.
Gerwig said: "There have been great strides, and we've got to keep writing, keep making, keep doing. It's all there."