China has won the artificial intelligence battle with the United States and is set for global dominance, the Pentagon's former software chief believes.
That China is likely to dominate many emerging technologies, particularly artificial intelligence, synthetic biology and genetics within a decade or so, is also set out in Western intelligence assessments.
And Nicolas Chaillan, the Pentagon's first chief software officer who quit last month over the slow pace of technological changes in the US military, told the Financial Times the failure to respond put the United States at risk.
"We have no competing fighting chance against China in 15 to 20 years," he said. "It is already over in my opinion."
China is set to control everything from media narratives to geopolitics, Chaillan went on, blaming sluggish innovation, the reluctance of US firms like Google to work with the state on AI and ethical debates over the technology.
But Chinese companies, he said, must work with their government and are making "massive investment" in AI without regard to ethics.
And US cyber defenses in some government departments, he added, were at "kindergarten level."
Chaillan also said when quitting that US military officials were in charge of cyber initiatives for which they lacked experience.