Real paradox as self-driving age nears

City talk | Prof Liu Ming 12 Sep 2018

Assistant Professor of Electronic and Computer Engineering, HKUST

There is nothing hotter than self-driving vehicles in the world of robotics and artificial intelligence.

From airborne to underwater drones, from delivery vehicles to full function, self-driving automobiles conducting real-world road tests, recent developments in the industry seem to suggest that a fully automated future is coming sooner than later.

But is this future a pending reality or just a pipe dream by its stakeholders?

To answer this question, one first has to understand the technology behind self-driving automobiles, and the challenges they face.

To make self-driving automobiles function technically in the real world, a 4G-connected network of all components involved - the vehicle, road intelligence and other auxiliary systems, such as sensors and cameras on cars and roads, is all but essential.

The vehicles will have to be able to realize and differentiate objects on the road (such as humans), and they will be required to make decisions on their own - what is the best route to reach the destination, and how do they go there safely - by analyzing a vast amount of driving data collected under different traffic conditions and simulating driving behavior.

Many governments and companies agree that self-driving will be the future, but the truth is the infrastructure required does not exist in our world yet.

There is also the challenge of social acceptance.

How do we strike a balance between road safety and AI decision-making, and what kind of new regulations will be required to make drivers feel comfortable enough to be on the same road with a self-driving car, such as a special lane for driverless vehicles?

The paradox is that self-driving technology can only learn and become safer from real-world experience, but the public would always want the technology to be perfect before deployment.

There will be compromises.

Compared to self-driving passenger cars, automated logistics vehicles are developing at a much higher pace, due to relative simplicity in the technology and strong economic incentives.

Technically, these low-speed and small-sized vehicles without passengers represent a much lesser threat to traveler safety, and financially, they are the ideal logistic tool, especially in many parts of China where online shopping continues to soar and the population is widely scattered.

Already, big technology firms like Alibaba are pouring in major investments, and some are claiming that demos would be ready in two years.

From then on, a real-world deployment in five years may not be a pipe dream.

HKUST experts have their fingers on the pulse of a new age of science, technology and innovation

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