A Chinese University team has built the first modern bamboo bridge in the rural mainland, incorporating the idea of sustainability and modern mechanics.
The "One University, One Village" team led by Professor Edward Ng Yan- yung of the Chinese University of Hong Kong last month built the bridge, Yi Xin Qiao. The bridge was completed in just two months after improved building methods were applied.
Since many impoverished villages in southwestern China are located in mountainous areas with inconvenient transport and scarce resources, Ng and Wan Li at CUHK's school of architecture launched the One University, One Village Rural Sustainable Development Assistance Program in 2014, aimed at easing the plight of villagers using professional knowledge and local resources.
The Yi Xin Qiao project in Xiaowu Village in Chongqing started in June last year. Yi Xin Qiao is a covered bamboo arch bridge, 13.5 meters long and 2.9 meters wide, which can accommodate 30 people at a time. The team used local resources, such as moso bamboo, found in southern China and readily available in the village, to make construction more efficient and sustainable.
Whole bamboos made up the bridge's main structure while the flooring was made of bamboo panels. Angle steel bars were used for the bolts and connecting parts. The project involved bamboo bridge experts including Columbia University architects Xavier Pino and Eduardo Sales Delgado and traditional Chinese bamboo craftsmen.