Hong Kong's market watchdog yesterday fined Goldman Sachs's Asian business US$350 million (HK$2.73 billion) for its role in Malaysia's multibillion-dollar 1MDB scandal, the largest single fine levied by the regulator in the city.
The Securities and Futures Commission said serious lapses and deficiencies in management controls at Goldman Sachs (Asia) had contributed to the misappropriation of US$2.6 billion raised by the Malaysian sovereign wealth fund.
1Malaysia Development Berhad raised the funds in three bond offerings in 2012 and 2013.
A Goldman Sachs spokesman said the Wall Street bank would issue a statement in due course.
The 1MDB scandal has been a costly and long-running sore for the US investment bank, though there are signs it may be close to drawing a line under the affair.
In July, Goldman agreed to pay US$3.9 billion to settle Malaysia's criminal probe and this week it is expected to agree to pay more than US$2 billion to settle US charges over its role in the scandal.
Malaysian and US authorities estimate US$4.5 billion was stolen from 1MDB in an elaborate scheme that spanned the globe and implicated high-level officials in the fund, former Malaysian prime minister Najib Razak, Goldman staff and others.
The three bond offerings, which raised a combined US$6.5 billion, were arranged and underwritten by Britain-based Goldman Sachs International, with work conducted by deal team members in many jurisdictions, who shared the revenue generated.
The SFC said Goldman Sachs Asia, the bank's Hong Kong-based compliance and control hub for the region, had significant involvement in the origination, approval, execution and sales of the three bond offerings.
The bank's Asia hub earned US$210 million from the offerings, the largest share among the Goldman entities.
"This enforcement action is the result of a rigorous, independent investigation conducted by the SFC," said Ashley Alder, the SFC's chief executive.
The 1MDB bond deals were obtained for Goldman by its banker, Tim Leissner, who in August 2018 admitted that he had conspired with Malaysian financier Jho Low and others to pay bribes and kickbacks to Malaysian and Abu Dhabi officials to obtain and retain the business from 1MDB for the bank.
US court documents show Low was rejected as a private wealth management client on several occasions as his source of wealth could not be verified, resulting in a potential money laundering risk.
Nonetheless, Goldman's regional and firm-wide committees that vetted the bond offerings accepted Leissner's false assertions that Low had no roles in the bond offerings without making further inquiries, the SFC said.
"Apart from the involvement of Low, there were a number of red flags present in the bond transactions which should have called for a closer examination of the corruption and money laundering risks involved," its statement of disciplinary action said.
These included the fact that the amount raised far exceeded the actual needs of 1MDB, and the sovereign wealth fund's willingness to pay high fees and repeated emphasis on confidentiality and speed of execution, the SFC said.
Yesterday's fine from the SFC dwarfed the previous record of $51 million, which it levied on a private banking unit of HSBC in 2017, and on UBS last year.