Chinese seek bargains in GreeceOverseas Property | Angeliki Koutantou 15 Nov 2018
Three times a week, hundreds of Chinese investors arrive at Athens airport to be greeted by Greek real estate agents who drive them straight into the city to view apartments for sale.
The visitors are drawn to Greece by rock-bottom property prices and one of Europe's most generous "golden visa" schemes, offering a renewable five-year resident's permit in return for a 250,000 euro (HK$2.21 million)investment in real estate.
That's enough to buy a three-bedroom apartment in the capital with a view of the Acropolis hill. It is also enough to bring the first glimmers of recovery to the market since the Greek economy started to collapse after the debt crisis in 2009, although prices are still down by about 40 percent from their peak.
An Athens resident, who gave his name only as Vassilis, had almost given up finding a buyer for his home last year when a minivan pulled up outside his maisonette and a Chinese family of four got out. A day later, he got an offer. "They didn't see the house again. We went and got a down-payment, and everything was set in motion," he said.
Vassilis had bought the home in the up-and-coming suburb of Gerakas for 320,000 euros in 2007 and decided to sell in order to buy his two adult children their own apartments. He sold it to the Chinese family for 220,000 euros.
Real estate prices rose 0.8 percent in the second quarter year-on-year after a 0.1 percent rise in the first - the first pick-up since 2008.
Foreign direct investment in property jumped 91 percent to 287 million euros last year from 2016. Meanwhile, taxes from property sales rose by an annual 41 percent in the seven months till July to 204.7 million euros.
"We are getting much more phone calls," said Lefteris Potamianos, head of the Real Estate Association of Athens, which represents about 3,000 brokers. "The overwhelming majority is foreigners. Certainly, Chinese are by far ahead of the game."
Potamianos predicted house prices would rise an average 5-7 percent annually in the greater Athens area this year and the next.
It helps that the yuan has fallen more than
6 percent against the dollar this year.
Beijing restricts overseas investment but Chinese investors are still finding ways to get money out of the country.
People like Lian Wenmin, 29, a former accountant from Beijing, said buying in Greece is not just about taking advantage of low prices and getting a visa that allows them to travel freely within the European Union. Greece's warm climate is also part of the appeal, Lian says.
"Greece has very nice weather and I like the people, the food," she said.
Lian plans to spend 250,000 euros on one or two apartments in central Athens and possibly one in the south. "I can buy like two or three apartments with 250,000 but if I spend the same amount of money in Beijing I can only buy one apartment in a generally nice location of 30 square meters. It's big difference," she said.
Tighter restrictions on migration starting last year in the United States, Canada and Australia - popular destinations for Chinese in the past - have also worked in Greece's favour, said Alice Ma, sales manager at Bloom Consulting.
Portugal's five-year golden-visa program has also attracted Chinese interest, but buyers there need to put in at least 500,000 euros.
Of the 3,404 residency permits issued since the golden visa program started in 2013, almost 1,700 have gone to Chinese nationals, data from investment agency Enterprise Greece showed.
Carrie Law, chief executive of Juwai.com, a Chinese website for global real estate, said inquiries about Greece doubled in the first quarter of 2018 and jumped three-fold in the second.
"It is a dramatic growth," she said.