During the imperial period (221BC- 1800s), Hong Kong was part of Bao'an, or Xin'an, County, today's Shenzhen. Before the British arrived, Hong Kong was a small fishing community and haven for travelers and pirates in the South China Sea.
The British used it as a naval base during the Opium Wars with China. After the first war, the Treaty of Nanking in 1842 ceded Hong Kong Island to Britain. Henry Pottinger was the first governor.
Following other fights and wars, Britain was given Kowloon and Stonecutter's Island in 1860. Then the New Territories was also acquired in 1898 on a 99-year lease.
In the early 1900s, Hong Kong was a refuge for exiles from China, following the establishment of the republic in 1912. Hong Kong was a crown colony from 1841-1941, 1945-1981 and a British Dependent Territory from 1981-1997.
In the 18th century, the British East India Company had a monopoly on British trade. When, in 1833, London ended the monopoly, traders rushed to grab a piece of the pie.
The British established themselves on Hong Kong Island and, over the decades, thousands of Chinese migrants fleeing domestic upheaval settled here.
The feng shui period at that time was the ninth and lasted from 1844 to 1863, with one needing a mountain sitting in the south and water in the north to prosper.
This made the island an ideal location. In 1860, Kowloon was handed to the British, close to period one, or 1864 to 1883.
In period one, the orientation needed was a mountain sitting in the north and a south-facing location. So it was Kowloon's turn.
Victoria Peak is the most spectacular place to go in Hong Kong. Standing 554 meters tall, this peak has a marvelous panoramic view over Victoria Harbor and the Kowloon peninsula.
In the early days, the Peak was home only to the wealthy. The incidence of disease caused by rats in the western part of Hong Kong forced the government to move officials and the wealthy to the
Mid-Levels and subsequently The Peak.
The feng shui story of Hong Kong begins with the second-tallest mountain, The Peak, and the natural flow in Victoria Harbor.
The Peak and nearby mountains like High West, Cameron, Lung Fu Shan and Kellett make up the "five dragons," thus the Hong Kong and Shanghai Bank building enjoys one of the best sites of all.
By the way, the Peak is named after Queen Victoria. Its original name was Lu Feng.
Kerby Kuek has published 15 books on feng shui, inner alchemy, Taoism and metaphysics. He can be contacted at www.kerbykuek.com