|Money woes force cuts in US ground forces
The US Pentagon plans to scale back the Army by more than an eighth to its lowest level since before World War II.
Defense Secretary Chuck Hagel recommended shrinking American forces from 520,000 active duty troops to between 440,000 and 450,000.
In a speech outlining the proposed defense budget, he said Monday that after Iraq and Afghanistan, US military leaders no longer plan to “conduct long and large stability operations.''
If approved by Congress, the Pentagon move would reduce the army to its lowest manning levels since 1940, before the American military dramatically expanded after entering World War II.
The proposed 13 percent reduction in the army would be carried out by 2017, a senior defense official, told AFP.
The spending plan is the first to “fully reflect’’ a transition away from a war footing that has been in place for 13 years, Hagel said at a press conference.
The plan comes amid growing fiscal pressures and after years of protracted counter-insurgency campaigns, during which the army reached more than 566,000 troops in 2010.
Having withdrawn US forces from Iraq in 2011, President Barack Obama has promised to end America's combat role in Afghanistan by the end of this year.
The proposed cut in manpower along with plans to retire some older aircraft and reform benefits for troops could run into stiff resistance in Congress.
A senior US military officer, speaking on condition of anonymity, acknowledged the political challenge.
“We're going to need some help from our elected representatives to get this budget across the finish line,'' the officer said.
Several members of the Senate Armed Services Committee immediately expressed reservations about the budget proposal.
Republican Senator Roy Blunt of Missouri, who sits on the committee, said the proposals had the “potential to harm America's military readiness.''
The Pentagon had previously planned to downsize the ground force to about 490,000.
But Hagel warned that to adapt to future threats “the army must accelerate the pace and increase the scale of its post-war drawdown.''
Hagel also said the army national guard and reserves would be cut by 5 percent.
Even under the planned reductions, the US Army will remain one of the largest in the world and the American military's budget still dwarfs other countries' defense spending.
While the army numbers drop, special operations forces will be increased to 69,700 – up from 66,000 currently.
The proposed budget also calls for scrapping the Air Force's entire fleet of A-10 “tank killer'' aircraft and retiring the storied U-2 spy plane that dates back to the 1950s. Commanders want to invest in the new hi-tech F-35 fighter jet and the unmanned Global Hawk surveillance drone.
The budget would reduce the US Navy's planned fleet of littoral combat ships, a small vessel designed for coastal waters that faces questions about its reliability.
Instead of 52 LCS ships, the budget calls for building only 32 and requires the navy to study developing similar ships with heavier weapons and tougher defenses.