Singapore passes law against deliberate online falsehoodsWorld | 9 May 2019 1:19 pm
Singapore's parliament passed an anti-fake news bill that has been criticized
by rights groups, journalists and tech firms over fears it could be used to clamp down on freedom of speech, Reuters reports.
The law will require online media platforms to carry corrections or remove content the government considers to be false, with penalties for perpetrators running as high as prison terms of up to 10 years or fines up to S$1 million (US$735,000).
The Protection from Online Falsehoods and Manipulation Bill passed with 72 members voting in favour. All nine opposition lawmakers voted against, local media reported.
Workers Party elder statesman Low Thia Khiang had said on Tuesday that the bill comes with a “hidden agenda” that allows a minister to have “absolute power” to decide what are falsehoods and what punishments to mete out, Channel News Asia reported. He also said the definition of falsehoods is too wide and ambiguous. "For example, if I say the Pioneer and Merdeka Generation packages are to buy votes, is this opinion or information?" Low asked.
Law Minister K Shanmugam rebutted these points in his wrap-up speech by pointing out that the bill calls for transparency – one of the key tenets of the Workers Party. “You put up an article, Government says this is not correct. You carry a correction [and] let your readers judge. What's the problem? More transparency, the better,” Mr Shanmugam said.
Three nominated members of parliament, who are appointed directly by the president and not affiliated to political parties, all abstained.
Technology companies including Google and Facebook have said they see the law giving Singapore's government too much power over deciding what qualifies as true or false.
But Law Minister K. Shanmugam earlier told parliament the legislation should not be feared.
"Free speech should not be affected by this bill. We are talking here about falsehoods. We are talking about bots... trolls... fake accounts and so on," Shanmugam said. "The working of a democratic society depends on the members of that society being informed and not misinformed."
Singapore is ranked 151 among 180 countries rated in the World Press Freedom Index of Reporters Without Borders, a non-government group that promotes freedom of information – below Russia and Myanmar.
The International Commission of Jurists, an association made up of senior judges, lawyers and legal scholars who campaign to uphold human rights standards around the world, said the law could be subject to abuse.
"The severe penalties proposed under the bill, its broad scope of territorial jurisdiction and the absence of clear protections for expression pose real risks that it will be misused to clamp down on the free exchange and expression of opinions and information," ICJ's Asia Pacific director,
Frederick Rawski, said in an email to Reuters.-Reuters/CNA. Photo: STB