China splashes US$48.5b to buy influence in East AsiaWorld | 27 Jun 2018 3:39 pm
China spent US$48.5 billion across East Asia and the Pacific between 2000 and 2016 to reward countries that consume its products and support Beijing's foreign policy positions, a new report reveals.
Infrastructure investment dwarfed other arms of Chinese public diplomacy over the period, according to a study by U.S. research lab AidData today, totaling US$48.5 billion, with a further US$273 million spent on humanitarian aid, US$613 million on direct budget support and US$90 million on debt relief, Bloomberg reports.
China’s end game was clear, the report found, rewarding "countries that consume more of its products, open market opportunities for Chinese firms, sway natural resource ‘gatekeepers,’ legitimize its maritime and territorial claims and secure support for its foreign policy positions in the United Nations and other international forums.”
Keen to assuage fears that it posed a threat, the report also found a dramatic increase in efforts to create an alternative narrative of China as a "peaceful, interesting and reliable neighbor.”
Beijing had come to rely on a range of other public diplomacy tools to enhance its image across the region, the report found.
Between 2000 and 2018 there was a 115 percent increase in sister city partnerships, while Beijing had opened more than 500 new Confucius Institutes, its signature cultural diplomacy program, the report said.
Within the region, Japan, South Korea and Australia attracted the highest volume and most diverse set of "inbound Chinese public diplomacy activities in the shape of sister cities, Confucius Institutes, and official visits," the report said.
"Beijing’s intense focus on courting political and business elites, as well as its emphasis on financial diplomacy, could increase the risk of undue influence with leaders willing to exchange favors for economic gain,” Custer said.